The following are the principle risks that could have a material effect on the operating results and the financial situation of the Seikagaku Corporation. 

Legal restrictions, healthcare system and administrative trends

Many of the Seikagaku Group’s products affect people’s lives and health and, consequently, are subject to legal restrictions for ensuring the quality, efficacy, and safety of pharmaceuticals and other products imposed by regulatory authorities in Japan and other countries. Amendments to these related laws and regulations or healthcare system and administrative policy trends, including revisions to the National Health Insurance Drug Price Standard, could affect our business results.

Timeframe and expense required for new product development

In pharmaceutical products development, the core of Seikagaku’s business, various clinical trials to confirm efficacy and safety are required from the time of basic research to new drug approval. Even if the Company bears enormous Research and Development(R&D) expenses over long periods of time, there is risk that products under development will not progress to launch. R&D expenses vary according to R&D progress, and this could affect our business results. 

Reliance on specific distributors

We have entered into exclusive distributorship agreements with sales partners for the pharmaceuticals and medical devices that are our mainstay products, which limits the number of distributors. Changes to the business relationships with these sales partners due to changes in circumstances, depending on the nature of the changes, could affect our business results. 

Reliance on specific products

Joint function improving agents and ophthalmic viscoelastic devices account for a majority of the net sales of the pharmaceuticals business in Japan and overseas markets in this fiscal year. Consequently, any unforeseen material side effects or other events that have a material effect on the manufacturing and sale of these mainstay products could affect our business results. 

Reliance on specific suppliers

Various restrictions apply to the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, and some raw materials require the approval of regulatory authorities. Therefore, the number of raw materials suppliers is limited, and we perform on-site audits and strive to maintain quality and establish a stable supply system. We rely on single supply sources for certain raw materials. Consequently, any change in circumstances that makes it difficult to procure raw materials could disrupt the manufacture of products and affect our business results.

Use of animal-derived ingredients as raw materials

Many of the Seikagaku Group’s products are made using ingredients derived from animals, namely chickens, sharks, and horseshoe crabs, as raw materials. Consequently, any restrictions on the use of animal-derived ingredients as raw materials or difficulty in procuring these ingredients could affect our business results.

Exchange rate fluctuations

Our export transactions are denominated mainly in U.S. dollars. Although we endeavor to reduce exchange risks by denominating a portion of R&D expense payments in foreign currencies and entering into foreign exchange contracts, exchange rate trends could affect our business results.
Also, when preparing the consolidated financial statements, we convert financial statements of overseas consolidated subsidiaries denominated in local currencies to yen. Consequently, exchange rate trends could affect our business results.

Price fluctuations of holdings of marketable securities

We invest cash reserves in marketable securities for the purpose of applying them to future R&D and capital expenditures. Although we endeavor to reduce risks through diversification of investments and other means, price fluctuations of marketable securities and other investments could affect our business results.

Litigation

Initiation of litigation relating to pharmaceutical side effects, product liability, patents or other intellectual rights, labor problems, depending on the details, could affect our business results.

Occurrence of large-scale disasters

Any stagnation of business activities or disruption of product supply as a result of extensive damage to the Seikagaku Group’s business sites due to an earthquake, a typhoon or other natural disaster, fire or other accident, or an epidemic of a new influenza virus or other infectious disease could affect our business results. Also, any major expenses for the repair of facilities damaged in a disaster could affect our business results.